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Augustine Volcano description and information

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LOCATION
FACTS
Official Name: Augustine Volcano
Type:Central dome cluster
Most Recent Activity:December 2005
Seismically Monitored: Yes
Color Code:GREEN
Alert Level:NORMAL
Elevation: 4134 ft (1260 m)
Latitude: 59.3626° N
Longitude:153.435° W
Quadrangle:Iliamna
CAVW Number:313010
Pronunciation: Sound file
Nearby towns:Pedro Bay 37 mi (60 km) NW
Pope-Vannoy Landing 40 mi (64 km) NW
Kokhanok 47 mi (75 km) NW
Nanwalek 53 mi (86 km) SE
Anchorage 176 mi (283 km) NE
DESCRIPTION
From Miller et al (1998): "Augustine Island, an 8 by 11 km island in lower Cook Inlet, is composed almost entirely of the deposits of Augustine Volcano. Jurassic and Cretaceous sedimentary strata form a bench on the south side of the island and are overlain by granitoid glacial erratics and volcanic hyaloclastites. The volcano consists of a central dome and lava flow complex, surrounded by pyroclastic debris. The irregular coastline of Augustine Island is due to the repeated catastrophic collapse of the summit dome, forming debris avalanches down the flanks and into Cook Inlet. At least 11 avalanches have occurred in the past 2000 years with an average recurrence interval of about 150-200 years (Beget and Kienle, 1992; Beget, 1986).

"Augustine lies within the area of uplift resulting from the 1964 Alaska earthquake; 30-33 cm of uplift was measured on the northwest side of the island (Detterman, 1968). A 25-meter-high, south-facing submarine scarp 3 km south of the island, of similar orientation to joint sets in sedimentary rocks of the Kamishak River area (on the Alaska Peninsula), is almost certainly of tectonic origin."

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Page modified: June 12, 2014 07:20
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